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Scotch Snaps in Hip Hop

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The Scotch Snap is everywhere in modern hip hop - a metrically accented sixteenth note followed by a dotted eighth note. Why is it everywhere? And where did it come from? The answer lies in how American speak english. A Study of Rhythm in London: Is Syllable-timing a Feature of Multicultural London English? https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1205&context=pwpl Philip Tagg’s 1 hour documentary on the Scotch Snap! http://tagg.org/Clips/HTML5/ScotchSnapAll_VP8.webm Another fantastic lecture by Philip Tagg if you want to get into this stuff https://vimeo.com/278543832 Music and the Brain: The Music of Language and the Language of Music https://youtu.be/2oMvtw4aeEY Music-Language Correlations and the “Scotch Snap” http://davidtemperley.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/temperley-temperley-mp.pdf David Bruce Composer: How the way you TALK affects the music you write https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HeHWJ8-_2Pk PBS Soundfield - How Trap Music Took Over https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zKicD86F7KA Les "SCOTCH SNAPS" de Lil Wayne à Purcell [ANALYSE DE MONA LISA] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AYv2PCAocfw The Scotch Snap from Strathspey to Rap - Wayne Marshall/wayneandwax https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeRa0oR6iqQ The Origins of Strathspey https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LP188D6Phlo Rhythm in the speech and music of jazz and riddim musicians https://repository.wellesley.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1118&context=scholarship Perception and acquisition of linguistic rhythm by infants http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.362.2572&rep=rep1&type=pdf A Comparison of Rhythm in English Dialects and Music https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ab5a/3735a4daab3fb9f20374f40e3502ebf4f541.pdf African Banjo Playing! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lzt0v9roU6g (⌐■_■) EXAMPLES OF SCOTCH SNAP IN HIP HOP/POP (used in this video, there are way, way more) Soulja Boy - Pretty Boy Swag Meek Mill - I B On Dat Feat. Nicki Minaj, French Montana & Fabolous Beyoncé - Drunk in Love Ariana Grande - 7 Rings Ariana Grande - thank u, next Childish Gambino - Worldstar Bazzi - Mine Lizzo - Juice Wifisfuneral - It Don’t Matter Cardi B, Bad Bunny, J Balvin - I Like It Zedd, Marren Moris, Grey - The Middle ALSO FEATURED J Balvin, William William - Mi Gente Vybz Kartel - Come Home Kery James - Mouhammad Alix SCOTCH SNAP EXAMPLES in Scottish Music Siobhan Miller https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLrIG51x3Jg Douglas Lawrence https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dIrZ64-3U8o Andrea Beaton https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BYQMncWCbj0 (⌐■_■) ⦿WHAT'S THE BACKGROUND MUSIC?! (my band!)⦿ https://spoti.fi/2AKAAQ6 ⦿ Adam Neely T-shirts! ⦿ https://teespring.com/stores/adam-neely-merchandise ⦿ SUPPORT ME ON PATREON ⦿ http://www.patreon.com/adamneely ⦿ FOLLOW ME ON THE INTERNETS ⦿ http://www.facebook.com/adamneely http://www.instagram.com/its_adamneely ⦿ Check out some more of my music ⦿ http://sungazermusic.bandcamp.com http://insideoutsidemusic.bandcamp.com http://adamneelymusic.bandcamp.com Peace, Adam
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Text Comments (3042)
Adam Neely (2 months ago)
Hey everybody, maybe consider throwing a few bucks to my Patreon? https://www.patreon.com/adamneely This content is entirely funded by Patreon, not sponsors, so any little bit helps. Thanks for watching!
The ShyGuy (2 days ago)
+Beard Guy101 i can agree with that. it's like in trap music where they added 32 notes or 24 notes for the hihat stuttering effect, where that's where the open hihat should be in those spaces.
The ShyGuy (2 days ago)
+Meshuggah Dave The more you know
The ShyGuy (2 days ago)
+silverback gojira Yes. Thanks so much for this video. I've been wondering what that rhythm style of singing/rapping was. i thought i was triplets before that were the music's flow and was in eighth notes, but i didn't even think about the scotch snap.
EMS 76 (11 days ago)
okay ... great ... but how does the German language shape the rap of the group Deichkind? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mdIP3hyxi3k
Amanda Martins (11 days ago)
Just signed up for your patreon! :)
Dank Zappa (9 hours ago)
Bela Fleck made a documentary on the history of the banjo and the African origins. Also, now I hear these Scotch snaps everywhere, thanks to you. I appreciate your knowledge on so many facets of music.
DiamondCalibre (12 hours ago)
I'd love it if you analyzed major languages and all the different rhythms they produce. Like what rhythms are in Russian music, Japanese music, German music, etc, thanks primarily to how their language flows.
Mark Statham (15 hours ago)
'strathspey' is pronounced 'strathspAY'
JARED 자레드 (16 hours ago)
2:04 ??? more like 130 - 180
Sea Bag (17 hours ago)
its elon musk
Flik (22 hours ago)
Hold up hold up hold up, you sneak in an interesting topic at the very end. I understand now that the rhythms of our languages influence the music we make, but does it also influence which music we prefer to listen to? Or is that a whole other video?
Karsten Johansson (1 day ago)
I guess the Swedish Chef talks with a Scotch Snap.
Kyle MacDougall (1 day ago)
Hang on...Ariana Grande is Hispanic. I guess in 2019, not even being a MINORITY is enough to get you off the hook when it comes to so-called "cultural appropriation." [Facepalm] I guess all we can do now is wait for the inevitable day when one race tries to claim ownership of the entire concept of language...or breathing.
Megan Hutcheson (1 day ago)
I almost didn't watch this video…like some sort of fool
Elle p (1 day ago)
You're like the "Micheal from Vsauce" of music theory!
Lucas Medina (1 day ago)
Hey, Adam, your channel is kinda cool :) I've just got to know, and honestly, I'm impressed. Amazing work, man!
Y (1 day ago)
My mind immediatly went to Quavos verse on Bad and Boujee. Great, I will forever be bugged by this.
ShimmiPenguin (1 day ago)
Lol but worldstar is from 2013 aint it?
KM SGV (1 day ago)
1:08 is nuts
Sheila Faith (1 day ago)
Does this explain why Super Junior's Lo Siento works even if the language is different? Or is it a different thing?
mitebg (1 day ago)
Adam: It might have something to do with how Americans speak English.. Everyone: Adam: A FOOT!
Roey Shapiro (1 day ago)
Really clean video. Interlacing culture, music, language, and your own thoughts, all while leaving a neutral comment on society and what people are getting fired up about is really impressive and interesting. Of course, it can also help put to rest some of the needless and hypocritical quarreling of the internet. Keep it up.
Goodvibe - (2 days ago)
I like japanese music which must be very - - - - - because of how japanese is
Gail Muggill (2 days ago)
Thank you for making this video! I have a love for languages and am fascinated by their effects on human thought. The problem is, I have no idea where to look for this kind of info or how to make a career out of this passion. Videos like this give me hope that one day I will find these things.
The Drunken Rocky (2 days ago)
Well done
Pablo Lee-Davis (2 days ago)
This is so dope! I've recognized this but couldn't put a name to it. Love videos like this!!!!!!
TheJulesdu974 (2 days ago)
Did not expect Kery James on that video lol
Sam Prada Hellberg (2 days ago)
You are hella cool spitting all that knowledge. Very nice video, subbed.
awesoeCAMI (2 days ago)
I've been noticing this for years but never had a name for it. Thanks Adam.
eyeball226 (2 days ago)
Came to this video already knowing what a Scotch snap was but being pretty unfamiliar with hip hop. It was a really interesting video, although you completely cocked up the pronunciation of strathspey.
Vyvyan Mar (2 days ago)
Nice, good explanation!
Callum Purvis (3 days ago)
this is so interesting damn!
WeedowMaker (3 days ago)
I don't feel like you are very good at explaining these things. Use more visual aid.
Julian Xtra (3 days ago)
Hey man, enjoy your work! Are you the same guy that did the history of japan?
Ryan Smith (3 days ago)
Fascinating disscution
Pinkkittenpaw (3 days ago)
I’ve been wonderig about this!! Awesome! I’ve subscribed!
bmurch71 (3 days ago)
i had to look it up, because I was sure it's "Scot's Snap" and not "Scotch Snap", but it looks like I was wrong. I still think it's wrong, based on the old Mike Meyer's bit about his Scottish dad yelling "SCOTCH IS A DRINK!!! SCOTs ARE A PEOPLE!!!"
so that's why Scottish folk music is so bangin
mask boi (3 days ago)
sooooo the blacks finally stole something from white people?
_frostyy (3 days ago)
isn't like like iambic pentameter
Guilherme (3 days ago)
Stream 7 rings
E M (4 days ago)
This is so interesting 😲
Brendan Thompson (4 days ago)
Does this mean a Scottish Highland music/Cardi B remix is possible?
nicejobm8 (4 days ago)
Could it also be an eight note attached to a dotted quarter note?
Mary (4 days ago)
Well this was a very interesting rec
Adroky (4 days ago)
RPZ KERY !
inna egglady (4 days ago)
This is crazy, I've never thought about the rhythm in languages before! My first language was Russian but my most comfortable is English. When I speak Russian it always sounds off to me, even when my American accent is not super prevalent. It's probably because I'm using natural American rhythms in Russian. Wild that I've never attributed that to rhythm when I do slam poetry, lmao. This was so interesting, thank you.
seewhaticcurious1 (4 days ago)
Exceptional video! I felt like I both understood completely and didn't understand at all. . . The concepts were so well explained and yet so obviously deep, I just want to keep watching again to learn more! Thanks for the excellent content 💜 Also, WHO ELSE WOULD ROCK OUT TO A CARDI B X "'TWAS WITHIN A FURLONG" MASHUP?? 😂😂 Unexpected fire 🔥👌
slowdancer (5 days ago)
qué intereSANte viDEo Holy shit, you learn SOMething NEw Every DAy
Joey Sung (5 days ago)
Is this V-sauce? what the fuck
Louise Michel (5 days ago)
"put your pinky fingers to the moon"
The1trueDave (5 days ago)
Really interesting video so I feel kind of mean saying this... but I'm pretty sure that's not how 'Strathspey' is supposed to be pronounced: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/strathspey Sorry :-/
Rinzler (5 days ago)
I'm all like...Teen-age, mu-tant, tur-tles. BARS!
izreor (5 days ago)
4:34 you're confusing dembow with calypso, dembow is a usually more swung 4 beat phrase vs 2 beat, what you're referring to is a reggeaton calypso, good video though (Y)
kat // (5 days ago)
3:48 are these pitbull adlibs
Ragnar Danneskjöld (6 days ago)
Cultural appropriation.
3:39 that makes sense because words in the mi gente song: "Colombia" and "me gusta" even fits in the rythm of the song.
AH YOU TALKING ABOUT "THE RETARDED PART"
Hachard Rimmond (6 days ago)
am i the only one why noticed this?
Elizabeth Dusek (6 days ago)
Thank you so much for this wonderful video! What is your academic background? I'm studying Ethnomusicology and I am finding your use of linguistics and music theory to be fascinating.
Sarah Heinzelman (6 days ago)
Hi Adam. Could you talk about grunge in terms of mode? Or is that even what makes it sound so unlike anything else? Thanks. See you Monday!
Birdbrain60 (6 days ago)
so because the scotch snap is associated with african american culture, does that mean that scottish people can say the n-word?
COREY M (6 days ago)
dear fans o' music.... we scots apologize your runin yer music. current music is shite
Sophia Leonard (6 days ago)
Wow! What a thorough break down, thank you Adam!
çeçíle (6 days ago)
I really do wanna know, what the music in the outro is titled and who plays it. ^^'
CaptainRaab (6 days ago)
Interesting theory, but double 16th notes are rhythmically universal around the world. Someone matching vocals to a double 16th note is hardly a link to Scotland. That’s like saying any language that uses “Oh” sound must be linked to English language.
Noah Sherman (6 days ago)
7:07 ??? African bell patterns bruh
Kandace Noire (6 days ago)
Bless your intelligent heart.
Justin Boyd (6 days ago)
This video pisses me off every time I see it.
CD Music (6 days ago)
All I... wanna... know is... why I... can't stop... talking... using... Scotch snaps
Elijah Wilson (6 days ago)
Now I can blame all the Americans for cultural appropriation as a Scottish🤣
Craig Morrison (7 days ago)
As a Scottish musician, I find the scotch snap to be a very useful rhythm not just Scottish folk music, but is great for creating cool guitar riffs. Also since I'm Scottish and the scotch snap in America is associated with African American music, does that make me black? Ni....
Ratel.H Badger (7 days ago)
Does this mean that as someone from Scottish heritage, we can sue the black hiphop community for cultural appropriation? I mean, I'm not going to, but it would be interesting if someone tried it.
A R (7 days ago)
I immediately thought of YGGR by Bobby lol
v3rninate (7 days ago)
Naw it's just trap music makes that rhythm sound good...
Joe Lonsdale (8 days ago)
Great video - very interesting.
fecklessman (8 days ago)
i mean yeah. sure. but the real reason the style became popular is because it's simple to execute. same with the triplet flow. scotch snaps [or the stutter flow] gives lots of break time to think/breathe/pause and the triplet flow allows you to sound like you're more skilled at rapping quickly than you actually are.
Somo colombian guy brought me here. Just saying...
Grace Holland (8 days ago)
How did I get here, and why did I stay?
Dawer8D (8 days ago)
saludos desde Colombia loco
Caligula6 Shoshon (8 days ago)
This is the worst thing ever.
Jesse Terpstra (8 days ago)
Didn't know what scotch snaps was, but now it makes sense. Interestingly, it's one of the reasons I can't stand pop and hip-hop music.
Jason kH (8 days ago)
Holy fuck that was educational, and that mashup with the Baroque singer and Cardi B was lit af lol Great content, new sub here
Jordia Ibrahim (9 days ago)
What's the title of the last song? Distinguished!
leo shelby (9 days ago)
Scots* snap
Jessica Ewing (9 days ago)
you-so. fu-cking. pre-cious. when-you. explain every day things with linguistics
Jessica Ewing (9 days ago)
As a linguistics nut IM HERE FOR THIIIISSSS
nigga bean (9 days ago)
the word scotch annoys me to no end. Its 'Scottish:, not fcking 'Scotch'
Jay (9 days ago)
dope, I hadn't heard of that term before now, time to find a video about social coding next
Julian Tennyson (9 days ago)
At the end "Mu-sic That-you Lis-ten to" is also scotch snap, not sure if you intended that.
F (9 days ago)
I detest modern hip pop. Yes, I said that. Thank you for giving me a name for this sound I hate soooo much.
F (9 days ago)
And yes, I already appreciate the irony that I'll hate music 15 years from now so much I'll look back at this current sound with fondness.
holly (9 days ago)
Okay, I went to high school in Scotland where we had to learn all about this in our music classes :') This is forever burned into my memories: "A strathspey's a Scot∙tish dance with lots of dotted rhy∙thms, And the Scotch snap's the spe∙cial thing that helps you recognise it"
Nathan Otis (9 days ago)
Excellent video and discussion of the scotch rhythm. However I think to call it subtle is overstating things a bit....
joshuarex.rocks (9 days ago)
ANDREA BEATON GANG
joshuarex.rocks (9 days ago)
Yep, exactly like strathspey bowing!
Matty G (9 days ago)
Neat.
Kimberly Halbrook (9 days ago)
GREAT VIDEO. Finally get to watch something interesting on youtube.
Leilany (9 days ago)
I dare you to say teenage mutant ninja turtles normally
TrumJalle (10 days ago)
Thanks Adam, now I have a name for something I really have grown to hate, the dembow-beat.
Valensky (10 days ago)
This just about blew my mind no joke
Fussel (10 days ago)
Slave to the rythm! It was so interesting I subscribed!
I ha-ve fu-cking chills! (Please read it with Scottish snaps)
Alex (10 days ago)
its mafematics luv...
cominforyachips (10 days ago)
1:08 you know someones sampled this by now.

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