The Scotch Snap is everywhere in modern hip hop - a metrically accented sixteenth note followed by a dotted eighth note. Why is it everywhere? And where did it come from?
The answer lies in how American speak english.
A Study of Rhythm in London: Is Syllable-timing a Feature of Multicultural London English?
Philip Tagg’s 1 hour documentary on the Scotch Snap!
Another fantastic lecture by Philip Tagg if you want to get into this stuff
Music and the Brain: The Music of Language and the Language of Music
Music-Language Correlations and the “Scotch Snap”
David Bruce Composer: How the way you TALK affects the music you write
PBS Soundfield - How Trap Music Took Over
Les "SCOTCH SNAPS" de Lil Wayne à Purcell [ANALYSE DE MONA LISA]
The Scotch Snap from Strathspey to Rap - Wayne Marshall/wayneandwax
The Origins of Strathspey
Rhythm in the speech and music of jazz and riddim musicians
Perception and acquisition of linguistic rhythm by infants
A Comparison of Rhythm in English Dialects and Music
African Banjo Playing!
EXAMPLES OF SCOTCH SNAP IN HIP HOP/POP (used in this video, there are way, way more)
Soulja Boy - Pretty Boy Swag
Meek Mill - I B On Dat Feat. Nicki Minaj, French Montana & Fabolous
Beyoncé - Drunk in Love
Ariana Grande - 7 Rings
Ariana Grande - thank u, next
Childish Gambino - Worldstar
Bazzi - Mine
Lizzo - Juice
Wifisfuneral - It Don’t Matter
Cardi B, Bad Bunny, J Balvin - I Like It
Zedd, Marren Moris, Grey - The Middle
J Balvin, William William - Mi Gente
Vybz Kartel - Come Home
Kery James - Mouhammad Alix
SCOTCH SNAP EXAMPLES in Scottish Music
Siobhan Miller https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLrIG51x3Jg
Douglas Lawrence https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dIrZ64-3U8o
Andrea Beaton https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BYQMncWCbj0
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Isn't Hip Hop closer to talking than music anyway? the older language is the more MUSICAL or tonal - so the original human culture - the San Bushmen language - has the most sounds and most musical tones (and is the most sophisticated culture on the planet with NO war, no rape and ecologically sustainable). Funny how if language is more like MUSIC then the healing songs of the San bushmen intentionally use GIBBERISH words for their music. So much for phonetic semantic "meaning." The tones as frequency pitch have more meaning as emotions then do the "rhythms" of phonetic-based languages.
You say the Scottish snap that we hear today derived from Scottish music.
BUT the premise is that music is inspired by our language. Which kind of implies the discovery and application of this snap is built into the language. Which would mean the inspiration for the snap is our English language. But then u draw this really hard line to Scottish music as the originators. You see where it gets murky. Maybe this makes sense but unless our modern English itself funnels directly through a Scottish filter, then this snap seems like a universally available discovery as oppose to an invention type thing. Really can someone marry these two ideas for me, is the current hip hop snap have a direct lineage to a Scottish root, or is it built into the language of English, which as far as I know didnt exclusively come through a Scottish hose.
For the next Q&A:
Do you think you could ever do a video where you analyze anything from the marching arts (DCI, WGI, BOA, etc.)? Just something that really piques my interest as a marching snare drummer and would be interesting to see you take a stab at. Thanks!
Adam, maybe something for a q+a
What would use as a substitute, or just something that gives the same usefulness that singing your solos gives, but for wind instruments. If you sing whatever you solo on a string instrument what would you do if you played trumpet or saxophone, where you can’t sing and play.
One of my favorite videos you’ve done so far. I’m a linguist and musician, so it was satisfying to both of the nerds in me. A minor correction. At 5:00—wrong “its”. In any case. Awesome video. It was definitely a rhythmic phenomenon I had noticed, but it’s cool to get some background and analysis. Thanks for putting this together!
I don't know if he was the first to do this in popular music, but have you heard Adriano Celentano's Prisencolinensinainciusol? https://youtu.be/-VsmF9m_Nt8 He was a big fan of rock music, but wasn't fluent in English and found Italian ill-suited to the genre so he improvised gibberish English based on what he thought it sounded like. It would be interesting to do a statistical analysis of the most prevalent English phonemes and put together the minimum required for suitable lyrics to get something more accurate, but a big thing going for the Celentano tune is the sheer attitude behind it. Enjoy?
Today, Google made a tribute to Jean Sébastien Bach (Omelette du fromage speaking), so in order to thank you for all the work you're doing, please accept this humble present : https://g.co/doodle/peus78.
Hope you'll see this and enjoy as much as I do when I watch your videos :)
In choral music, non English speaking composers often accent typically unaccented syllables. The same is true for English translations of latin sacred texts. Now I know why. Funny how language influences music.
I would like to see this type of analysis performed on the Psalms in their original Hebrew. We have a tradition that certain melodies sung in the synagogue services have been conserved from the time of the Holy Temple. Although today's pronunciation made slightly different from that of Biblical times, the rhythmic analysis could serve as a guide post to the types of melodies that accompanied these words.
Scotch snaps sound nothing like african american hyphy flow. Europeans always want claim origin of african culture. When they have been doong most things hundredds and thousands of years before europeans caught on to them
+sefp You're not making any sense. No one said the Scotts "invented" this rhythm. They're just known for it. It's one of their defining sounds, lmao.
Apparently my point went over your head. Something as basic as a type of rhythm can't be owned by anyone. It's impossible. That's like a single culture claiming ownership of braids. Oh, let me guess, you think Africans have sole "ownership" of braids and that Europeans and other cultures simply copied Africans? Get real. My point is that basic components (like basic rhythms, hairstyles, maybe foods) of a culture aren't "owned" by that culture. Necessity is the mother of all invention-- non-African people groups were clever enough to figure out how to braid/pleat, to figure out rhythm patterns they liked, basic methods of cooking and preparing food.
But in spite of some basic level of cultural components being the same across all people groups, all cultures tend to have a few variations on those cultural components that become attached to that culture's identity. "Scotch snaps" are simple and basic and were probably not "discovered" only by the Scots, but it was a a prominent rhythm that was attached to their identity more than any other culture that might have used that rhythm as well. Hence the name.
Milk Tea just because europeans wore clothoes doesnt mean they invented them and every non european learn to produce clothes fron europeans. Same flawed origin logic from this guy. And alot of europeans do this
Milk Tea everyone was a fish millions of years ago. What relevance is that.
Land and dirt is owned. Water is owned. Everything. Are you pro theft and fraud ? Or communist ? Trade marks, patents, intillectual property and copyright exist for a reason.
"How dare a 'white' culture be known for something! APPROPREEASHUN"
More like you've been brainwashed into the idea that any one culture can have sole "ownership" of something as basic as rhythm. LMAO, everyone was "African" hundreds of thousands of years ago theoretically.
Hey man, great video as always! I just discovered your channel a couple of weeks ago and I’m obsessed and learning so much.
Gonna be honest tho, really just commenting to congratulate you on 666k followers!
I live in Slovakia, and very often pop music here tries to follow world trends, but sung in Slovak language. The results are somehow off. The rhythms just don't fit the language. After watching this video I tried singing a mundane sentence just to see which rhythm would naturally arise from it... the result was something like a polka... interesting. Waltzes also work pretty well.
Hey Adam, here's a question for your next Q&A
I am a drummer, but right now what i want is to start composing my own music instead of just playing over what others have composed. I can manage to play tunes on the piano on a kinda decent (but still begginer) level, and i have several ideas that i would like to develop. The problem is that when i try to develop them, everything is just a blur. I try to come up with some chords and a melody, but i always get stuck and dont know how to keep going. My knowledge on music theory is very limited, and i have tried to seek for information but i just dont know where to start. Can you recommend a good begginer book on music theory? What should I learn? Where should I start? (Please keep in mind that my goal is not to be an excelent performer, it is to be able to compose my own music)
Thank you very much.
Greetings from Uruguay!
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