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What Is Bycatch?| A Cartoon Crash Course
 
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"Bycatch" refers to all the fish and other marine creatures incidentally caught or killed by fishing gear. In commercial fishing, this happens on a huge scale: Nets and fishing lines often stretch for miles, indiscriminately snaring all manner of life—including whales, porpoises, sea turtles, and even birds. And while some types of fishing have very little waste, especially unselective gears and methods can capture more bycatch than target fish. Cartoonist Jim Toomey—whose daily comic strip, Sherman’s Lagoon, is syndicated in more than 250 newspapers in the United States—has joined forces with The Pew Charitable Trusts to illustrate "bycatch" and other terms associated with our oceans. Watch the full ocean terms video series: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/collections/2016/01/cartoon-crash-course-a-visual-glossary-of-ocean-terminology *TRANSCRIPT* Ever gone fishing hoping to catch one type of fish and ended up with something entirely different? Animals like these are called bycatch, and things usually don’t end well for them. In commercial fishing, this happens on a huge scale: nets and fishing line often stretch for miles, indiscriminately snaring all manner of life – including whales, porpoises and sea turtles and even birds – including whatever they meant to catch in the first place - the so-called target species. For example, a type of gear called a drift gill net, used off the California coast to catch swordfish, also catches a host of non-target species, including dolphins, sea lions, blue sharks, and even whales. Shrimp trawlers drag nets along the seafloor hauling up enormous quantities of wildlife, all in the pursuit of a few, precious shrimp. Aside from having to explain to fishermen that, really, they were looking for someone else, bycatch is a big problem. First, even when fishermen throw bycatch back, most of the creatures are usually dead or dying. Second, a lot of juvenile fish get taken as bycatch, meaning they never get the chance to have babies; that can upset the predator-prey balance and disrupt entire ecosystems. Third, threatened or endangered species are often landed as bycatch. That’s a lose-lose-lose…lose that ultimately hurts all of us. Pewtrusts.org/bycatch
Views: 28010 Pew
Why Can’t We Find New Antibiotics?
 
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Antibiotics save millions of lives, but bacteria are constantly evolving to beat the drugs we use to fight them. Eventually, bacteria may become resistant to every form of antibiotic we have. That’s why finding new antibiotics is so important, but serious scientific barriers stand in the way. See the challenges that scientists face in their search for new antibiotics—and what we can do to overcome them. Learn more about antibiotic resistance here: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/antibiotic-resistance-project TRANSCRIPT Antibiotics save lives --- millions of lives. But the more we use them, the less effective they become. Sooner or later, bacteria will evolve to defeat every antibiotic we have, so we’ll always need to find new drugs to fight bacterial infections. Yet, today, there are too few antibiotics in development to meet the growing need. So why can’t we find new antibiotics? In the ‘golden’ age of antibiotic discovery, scientists tested millions of molecules and found a few new types of antibiotics. Most of the drugs we have today are based on these discoveries. But the last time scientists discovered a truly new antibiotic that made it to market was in 1984. It has grown increasingly difficult to find new antibiotics, in large part, due to scientific challenges. Overcoming these challenges are key to beating the toughest bugs out there: drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. These superbugs have a gauntlet of defenses. And we must find new molecules that can get through and destroy them. So, what are the challenges to discovering new molecules? There are millions of different molecules out there, so it’s hard to know where to look. Scientists need to experiment to figure out what types of molecules can get into bacteria and stay in and which can’t, in order to create guidelines for finding the molecules that work. Then, scientists can build collections of promising molecules, which researchers everywhere can use to search for new antibiotics more effectively. At the same time, they also need to think outside the box and test out entirely new approaches to see what else may lead to new types of medicines. What is at stake? Without new antibiotics, the care we take for granted today -- like surgery, chemotherapy, and dialysis -- may become too dangerous, and simple infections could become deadly. We are all at risk. A targeted, scientific approach has the power to transform antibiotic research and spur innovation of the new antibiotics we so desperately need. (for more information, see Pew’s Roadmap for Antibiotic Discovery)
Views: 10690 Pew
What Is Ocean Acidification? | A Cartoon Crash Course
 
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There’s a chemical change under way in our oceans. It's called ocean acidification. As the ocean absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, it's becoming more acidic—eroding the shells of marine life like oysters, clams, and urchins, which are vital to the food web. Scientists predict that ocean acidification could wipe out most coral reefs by the middle of this century, and it’s affecting other animals, too. The good news is that, if we reverse course, the ocean should regain its chemical balance. If not, well, the truth will be a lot scarier than fiction. Nationally syndicated cartoonist Jim Toomey, creator of Sherman's Lagoon, has joined forces with The Pew Charitable Trusts to illustrate "ocean acidification" and other terms associated with our oceans. Watch the full ocean terms video series: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/collections/2016/01/cartoon-crash-course-a-visual-glossary-of-ocean-terminology *TRANSCRIPT* Invisible force invades world, slowly dissolving residents! Sounds like science fiction. Actually, it’s science nonfiction – otherwise known as reality – and it’s happening in our oceans right now. “It” is ocean acidification. “Huh?” The oceans absorbs about a third of the carbon dioxide that spews forth from our cars, power plants, factories and airplanes. That’s over 22 million tons of CO2 every day! But the ocean doesn’t just “absorb” all that CO2. There’s a chemical reaction at work here. Through processes involving hydrogen ions and other science-y nonfiction words, the ocean is becoming more acidic, and that in turn is eroding the shells of vital marine species including clams, oysters, urchins, and pteropods. Oh sure, I know what you’re thinking… “Who cares about a bunch of pteropods?” But these animals are part of the foundation of an enormous food web. And when little things change on a big scale, big changes are sure to follow. The chemical change in our seawater is also having an effect on corals. In fact, scientists say that ocean acidification could wipe out most coral reefs by the middle of this century. It’s affecting larger animals, too. For example, certain fish have a harder time detecting predators. And that’s just for starters. The good news is that with less carbon pollution, the ocean should regain its chemical balance. If not, the truth will be a lot scarier than fiction. Pewtrusts.org/oceanacid
Views: 53538 Pew
Economic Mobility & the American Dream | Pew
 
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There are two ways of measuring economic mobility: absolute and relative. Each offers an understanding of the health and status of the American Dream; however, neither measure can be taken in isolation for a complete picture of economic mobility in our country. This video animates the difference between these two measures. For more information please visit www.economicmobility.org
Views: 29365 Pew
Payday Loans Explained | Pew
 
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http://www.pewtrusts.org/small-loans. 12 million Americans take out payday loans every year, but there are still misconceptions about how they are actually used. Follow the story of Jennifer, a typical payday loan customer, who takes out a cash advance on her paycheck to make ends meet, but ends up paying more than $500 in fees.
Views: 68546 Pew
Behind the Mediterranean Bluefin Tuna Trade | Pew
 
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Mind the Gap, an analysis of worldwide trade in Mediterranean bluefin tuna, shows a significant gap in the trade of bluefin tuna, compared to what can be caught legally every year. In 2008, the gap between the trade and quota was 31 percent. By 2010, that gap grew to 141 percent. But solutions exist. Pew is calling for an electronic catch documentation system to replace the current paper system, to allow for better tracking and monitoring of the bluefin tuna trade. To learn more, visit http://PewEnvironment.org/Tuna
Views: 156734 Pew
Sea Otters vs. Urchins in Canada's Kelp Forests | One Minute Dive with Pew
 
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“When you see a sea otter, they’re usually either eating or digesting,” often munching on urchins, says ecologist Anne Salomon, a Pew marine fellow. That's a good thing for some kelp beds. Without otters to control urchin numbers, the spiky shellfish can devour the beds, leaving barren seascapes behind. Fifty years ago, sea otters were so sought after for their fur that they disappeared from the Canadian coast. But now they're bouncing back and—as seen in this video—competing with humans for the region's shellfish. Explore The Pew's Charitable Trusts' ocean-science facts, findings, and fellows—and learn more about Anne Salomon’s ecosystem-focused fellowship: http://www.pewmarinefellows.org
Views: 22850 Pew
"Bold" Parrotfish Help Keep Coral Reefs Colorful | One-Minute Dive With Pew
 
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Parrotfish are as beautiful as they are bold. Feisty and charismatic, with the colors to match, parrotfish are a coral reef's best defense against the war with algae. See them in action in this new video short, part of a new series by The Pew Charitable Trusts. http://www.pewtrusts.org/oceanscience. When it comes to grazing, coral reefs are the perfect place for a hungry parrotfish. These colorful fish spend 90 percent of their day eating algae or "sea weed" from reefs in the Caribbean and around the world. Their voracious appetite is vital to the survival of these corals and the health of the reef. Ecologist Peter Mumby, a professor at the University of Queensland in Australia and a Pew Fellow in Marine Conservation, studies coral in both the Caribbean and Pacific. He's learned that no-take marine reserves, where fishing for parrotfish is prohibited, may make coral reefs six times more resilient to coral bleaching and other disturbances. Learn more about Peter Mumby's Pew marine fellowship: http://www.pewenvironment.org/research-programs/marine-fellow/id/8589941249/project-details
Views: 25707 Pew
¿Qué es el alta mar? ¿Por qué necesita ayuda? | Una explicación
 
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Obtén datos sobre el alta mar, esos dos tercios de los océanos del mundo que no están bajo jurisdicción de ninguna nación. En este instructivo, se explica por qué estas aguas internacionales son tan importantes y cómo las Naciones Unidas pueden ayudar a proteger los recursos oceánicos y la vida marina del alta mar.
Views: 4711 Pew
Gentrification in Philadelphia Neighborhoods—How Institutions Try to Adapt
 
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Though gentrification can affect neighborhood institutions in a multitude of ways, these institutions can serve as points of continuity in a changing landscape and provide a link between new and old residents. Consider Shiloh Baptist Church. Located in the gentrified Graduate Hospital neighborhood, the church has served an African-American congregation since 1945. But recent changes to the neighborhood have brought in more wealthy and white occupants. According to its pastor, Rev. Edward Sparkman, most congregation members no longer live in the neighborhood. Since the church opened its doors to newcomers by offering space for community meetings, theatrical performances, and other programming, older members have become more accepting of new residents. All the activity “makes the church feel alive again,” he said. Gentrification in what once was a working-class, predominantly African-American area like Graduate Hospital looks different than change in other types of Philadelphia neighborhoods. Learn more about gentrification in Philadelphia here: Consider Shiloh Baptist Church. Located in the gentrified Graduate Hospital neighborhood, the church has served an African-American congregation since 1945. But recent changes to the neighborhood have brought in more wealthy and white occupants. According to its pastor, Rev. Edward Sparkman, most congregation members no longer live in the neighborhood. Since the church opened its doors to newcomers by offering space for community meetings, theatrical performances, and other programming, older members have become more accepting of new residents. All the activity “makes the church feel alive again,” he said. Gentrification in what once was a working-class, predominantly African-American area like Graduate Hospital looks different than change in other types of Philadelphia neighborhoods. Learn more about gentrification in Philadelphia here: www.pewtrusts.org/phillygentrification Music courtesy of the Shiloh Baptist Church choir.
Views: 7478 Pew
Payday Loans: Who Uses Them and Why? | Pew
 
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http://www.pewtrusts.org/small-loans Payday loans can look like a responsible choice for borrowers who need cash but want to avoid getting into long-term debt. The reality is that most payday loan customers end up in debt for 5 months. This video follows the story of Jennifer, a fictional character who represents a typical payday loan customer. 12 million Americans take out cash advances on their paychecks every year. Like Jennifer, many borrowers take out these short-term loans because they want to avoid asking friends or family for money, their credit cards are maxed out, and because the loans are simple to obtain. To qualify, customers only need an income and a checking account. Payday loans are advertised as emergency short-term relief, but most people borrow to cover routine living expenses like car payments, mortgage payments, credit card payments, utilities, food, and rent. In this video, Jennifer is unable to pay her loan back and keeps renewing it. Ultimately, she ends up paying more in fees than she received in credit, and has to borrow money from her parents to settle the debt. Learn more about how and why borrowers use payday loans: www.pewtrusts.org/small-loans.
Views: 33307 Pew
What Is Marine Debris? | A Cartoon Crash Course
 
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Marine debris is all the manmade stuff that ends up in the oceans—from soda cans and plastic bottles to sunken ships. There’s marine debris in every ocean on Earth, and all that junk can kill and injure sea life, impede navigation, leach chemicals, and even end up in our food. Nationally syndicated cartoonist Jim Toomey, creator of Sherman's Lagoon, has joined forces with The Pew Charitable Trusts to illustrate "marine debris" and other terms associated with our oceans. Watch the full ocean terms video series: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/collections/2016/01/cartoon-crash-course-a-visual-glossary-of-ocean-terminology *TRANSCRIPT* You know that feeling of having too much stuff – gadgets, loose socks, maybe a couple of abandoned fishing vessels? Now imagine that multiplied by, oh, one trillion, and you start to understand how the ocean must feel about marine debris. Marine debris is all the manmade stuff that ends up in the ocean, from soda cans, plastic bottles and the sun hat you lost last summer--to abandoned fishing gear, entire vessels that are sunken or marooned. Whether it got there on purpose or by accident, and even if that hat happens to fit a certain octopus just perfectly, it still qualifies as marine debris. Scientists say there are 5 and a quarter trillion pieces of plastic alone in the ocean, and that’s only part of the marine debris problem. All that junk is killing and injuring sea life, impeding navigation, leaching chemicals, and even ending up in our food. Plastics, for example, break down into tiny particles that resemble fish eggs. Fish consume those particles, we eat the fish and, well, you know. Marine debris is present in every ocean, carried far and wide by currents and wind. People – and probably some fish – are working on ways to clean all this stuff up but, as yet, nobody has found a solution… or your hat, for that matter. Pewtrusts.org/cartooncrashcourse
Views: 18033 Pew
How to End Overfishing in the EU | A Whiteboard Explainer
 
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EU fisheries are in trouble. Currently, nearly 50 per cent of fish stocks are overfished in the North Sea and Northeast Atlantic—and more than 90 per cent in the Mediterranean Sea. We explain the dire consequences for both the European Union economy and marine environment if overfishing continues and lay out a plan of action for how fisheries ministers can end overfishing—and how you can help. Learn more at http://pewtrusts.org/endeuoverfishing *TRANSCRIPT* The fishing fleets of the European Union catch a lot of fish—around 5 million tonnes annually. Yet, because fishing limits have been set too high, numerous fish stocks are now overexploited. The latest data show that in the North Sea and North East Atlantic, nearly 50% of stocks are overfished. And the situation is even more alarming in the Mediterranean Sea, where more than 90% of stocks are overfished. Fish and fisheries have always played an important role in the culture and livelihoods of Europeans. And most people don’t want that to change. But it might, if fishing limits continue to be set at unsustainable rates. Without sufficient fish to catch, jobs, lifestyles, and even entire coastal communities could collapse. But if EU decision-makers limit fishing to the “Maximum Sustainable Yield” (the highest level of catch that doesn’t harm a fish stock), scientists say fish populations can rebound. Experts estimate that ending overfishing in the Northeast Atlantic alone could generate an additional €4.6 billion of annual revenue and more jobs in the fishing sector. The EU should already be on the road to ending overfishing: A set of rules called the Common Fisheries Policy, which was revised and took effect in 2014, requires that all EU stocks must be fished sustainably by 2020 at the latest. The law was agreed by EU fisheries ministers and representatives from the European Parliament with broad support from civil society. So why isn’t the problem solved already? Each year, the European Commission asks the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea to provide scientific advice for the following year’s fishing limits. Then, the European Commission publishes its proposals during the autumn. The final decision is made behind closed doors by all EU fisheries ministers at the Council meetings at the end of the year. While the law changed, ministers have been continuing to ignore the scientists’ advice and setting quotas above advised limits, slowing down progress to end overfishing in the EU. To see lasting change on the water, it is time to demand EU leaders abide by the Common Fisheries Policy. Setting fishing limits not exceeding scientifically advised levels would allow fish populations to recover, resulting in additional revenue and jobs for the fishermen, thriving coastal communities and sustainable food for European consumers. Here’s where you come in: Sign up to receive the newsletter from the Pew Charitable Trusts’ campaign to end overfishing in the EU. As part of the campaign, you can participate in online actions pressuring your minister to make the right decisions—for the fish, the fishermen, and the future. You can also join us on Facebook and Twitter to further spread the message about the need to end overfishing in the EU—now. Remember: Nothing will change for the better unless the people demand it! For more information, visit: pewtrusts.org/endeuoverfishing.
Views: 5639 Pew
Forage Fish Key to a Healthy Ocean Food Web | Pew
 
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Tiny fish play a major role in the ocean's food web. Commonly known as forage fish, small schooling fish like herring and anchovies are a crucial food source for larger, more familiar species like tuna, whales, and seabirds. The Pew Environment Group produced this animation to show how reasonable limits on catching for forage fish can help maintain a vibrant and productive Pacific coast ecosystem for generations to come. Enjoy the animation, and join the chorus of voices asking the Pacific Fishery Management Council to protect these tiny but vitally important fish. Visit www.PewEnvironment.org/PacificFish to see how you can help. Remember that your next fishing trip, whale-watching journey, or birding expedition will be brought to you by the forage fish that need your help.
Views: 13988 Pew
Economic Development Incentives: How to Measure Results
 
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Each year, states collectively spend billions of dollars on economic development incentives. Are they worth the price? The answer isn’t always obvious. By asking key questions, states can evaluate incentive programs and provide the evidence policymakers demand. Learn more at: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/economic-development-tax-incentives *Transcript* What’s the recipe for successful economic development? Many states are using incentives -- such as tax credits, grants or loans given to companies to encourage them to do something they would not otherwise have done. States have dramatically increased spending on incentives. Each year, states collectively spend billions of dollars on these programs. Are they worth the price? The answer isn’t always obvious. By asking key questions, states can evaluate incentive programs and provide the evidence policymakers demand. Let’s say a state offers incentives to….. the food industry. Tax credits go to Bob’s Bread Basket and Sofia’s Snacks. Now, both companies enjoy lower costs and earn a larger profit. Bob plans to expand his building and upgrade his equipment. Sofia lowers the price of her famed Grizzly Bear Granola Bars and hires new employees to keep up with increasing demand. Both companies are expanding. But to what extent were incentives responsible? When the incentive lowered Sofia’s costs, she hired new employees. But even without the incentive, her company still would have grown, so not all the new jobs at Sofia’s Snacks are the result of the incentive. Let’s go back to Bob. He needed the incentive to expand his building, but he had already saved to upgrade his equipment. Another key question to ask: how does the incentive affect other companies in the state? If Sofia sells her granola bars locally, Ernie’s Energy Bars could lose customers because of Sofia’s lower price. Eventually, Ernie may let some of his employees go. But if Sofia ships her Grizzly Bear Granola Bars nationwide, she’ll bring in money from outside the region and expand the size of the local economy, which would be good for local oat farmers who sell to Sophia. And Bob’s building expansion creates job opportunities in the local construction industry. But, will all these jobs go to local workers? Sofia’s profits continue to rise as she increases her national sales, and she needs to hire more employees. Some of these jobs will go to unemployed locals. But, research suggests that more than ½ of new jobs will eventually be filled by out-of-state workers who move into town. So – do the benefits of incentives outweigh the alternatives? Incentives are just one option for states. And they should be compared to other priorities, such as spending more on education or transportation, or tax cuts for all businesses. A dollar spent on an incentive can’t be used on something else, so states need to decide whether they are worth the price. All states want the recipe for economic success. But only by answering key questions will your state know whether an incentive is the right ingredient for successful economic development. Learn more about how states are effectively evaluating incentives: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/economic-development-tax-incentives
Views: 7153 Pew
Help Save Menhaden: Quite Possibly, the Most Important Fish in the Sea | Pew
 
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The humble Atlantic menhaden may not look like much, but this fish plays a vital role in ocean food chains. Striped bass, bluefish, whales, dolphins, sharks, and birds like osprey and terns depend on menhaden as a critical food source. But unrestricted industrial fishing endangers menhaden — and in turn, the rest of the marine ecosystem. Already, menhaden have plunged 90% from historic levels. The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission has already voted to rebuild the menhaden population. But the Commission must follow on that promise with a coast-wide catch limit. Take action: http://www.PewEnvironment.Org/Menhaden
Views: 15891 Pew
Indigenous Hunter Keeps Traditions Alive in Boreal Forest
 
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“An intact boreal forest is essential for the survival of Dene communities,” says James Marlowe. Marlowe is a Dene hunter and guide from the Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation, a remote Indigenous community on the east arm of Great Slave Lake in Canada’s boreal forest. The lifestyle of the Dene is experiencing some changes, and so is the forest landscape, as demand for the area’s rich natural resources expands. The boreal region of Canada stretches across more than a billion acres, and is one of the largest intact forest ecosystems on Earth. Pew’s International Boreal Conservation Campaign encourages a balance between development and conservation and works with the people who live and there to achieve that goal. People of the Boreal is a multimedia project that tells the stories of those who have the most to gain or lose from decisions about how the region is managed. Learn more about Indigenous hunter James Marlowe, and view the entire People of the Boreal series here: http://pew.org/1szMcys *TRANSCRIPT* [James Marlowe speaking] When I'm out in the bush, I like the quietness, the sounds of nature, and the beauty, and knowing that we're free. At a young age, I learned my hunting skills by observing elders. It's healthy to be out there, mentally, physically. And the food you harvest from the land is all natural. My name is James Marlowe. I was born and raised in Lutsel K’e, Northwest Territories. I am a member of the Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation. Right now we're at the cabin which I built for my kids and my spouse, to live in and to practice traditional activities and a part of our culture. And we're at Duhamel Lake, a small lake. And the lake contains a lot of wildlife such as moose, ducks, geese, beavers, muskrats, musk oxen, and also fish. This area, I know it like the top of my hand. I am self-supported doing my own stuff, such as taking out people hunting, fishing, showing them our way of life so that they have an idea of how the land looks, how fresh and natural it is. And at times I create weekend events for our young people. Where the youth can go and the elders can teach them traditional activities so that they won't lose the knowledge of how to do it. I'm teaching them how to hunt, fish, and trap. And I think it's important to keep it up so that they know how to survive out on the land. Right now, we're doing a moose camp. And we want to take kids out to hunt moose and show them how to track them, and prepare the meat once it's harvested. It's a lot of work. It's not that simple as going out there, shooting, and bringing the meat back. And once you shoot the moose there’s a system of how to properly butcher it. You know, I've always been taught that it's good to share. I would package up little packets of meat and go out in the community and we give it all out. The whole community benefits. We do this as part of our tradition. And at the same time, this creates good luck for us, the hunters. It's important to me to protect the land, the water, animals, because we depend on it for our survival. Right there, if you look out the window, there's just like a grocery store. All the animals that live on our land, You go out there and harvest them, and you have healthy food. The fresh water here is fresher than the bottled water. You can go anywhere, any lake, any river, you can take a cup and just drink it. But at the moment, there's a lot of development happening in our area. In the 1990s, there was a big diamond rush. Those mines are located right in the main migration route of the caribou. They made big holes in our land where the caribou is avoiding, and all the noise and all the dust from the mine. The caribous know that. So they're moving somewhere else. And now there’s hardly any caribou. Hopefully that will go back to its normal herd someday. We want the kids to have a future that they see today. In 100 years or so, we want them to live how we live. We want to keep it that way so that they can keep their culture, that we want them to hunt, fish, and trap in the future. And also teach the skills they know, and pass it on to their kids. When people come to visit us, we're hoping that they come, and we teach them our way of life. We want visitors to go away knowing that there's indigenous and First Nations people living out here in the bush in the wilderness. That are still practicing their way of life in a clean, pristine area that has no pollution that the ancestors had provided for them. I want them to feel happy knowing that there's an area that is being protected for as long as the Earth is here.
Views: 4953 Pew
Palau's Paradise: Ocean Wonders Worth Protecting
 
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The Micronesian island nation of Palau has been called one of the seven underwater wonders of the world, thanks to its healthy and diverse marine ecosystem. Watch rare underwater footage of these Western Pacific waters, teeming with sharks, sea turtles, vibrant coral reefs, and schools of tropical fish. “The ocean is very important—it is our culture, our way of life, our economy, and our self-sustaining source of what makes us Palauans,” says Palau President Tommy Remengesau, Jr. But the waters of the “Pearl of the Pacific” are changing and need our help. That’s why the people of Palau are coming together in support of a large, fully protected marine reserve to protect this global treasure and a local economy for future generations. To learn more about The Pew Charitable Trusts and President Remengesau's work to create a fully protected marine sanctuary in Palau, visit http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/global-ocean-legacy-palau UNEDITED TRANSCRIPT Erik Vereen, Fishing Tour Operator, Island Seed Ltd.: What makes Palau's oceans so attractive to tourists is that there's such a diversity of fish out there that it's very delicate and one of a kind. Tommy Remengesau, Jr., President of Palau: You come to Palau and it's guaranteed that any snorkeler and any scuba diver will be able to see a shark, and that's the value of conservation. The ocean is very important for Palau, because really it is our culture, our way of life—it is our economy. It's our self-sustaining source of why we're Palauans. Ann Singeo, conservationist, Ebiil Society, Inc.: There's a huge offshore fishery that the current fishermen participate in. My husband is one of those people. So he sells it to the hotels. He sells it to the restaurants. We eat it at home. But there's less and less of the fish available in those areas where they're doing offshore fishing. And eventually, if we don't do anything about it, it doesn't get any better—it gets worse. Erik Vereen: I used to dive ten years ago, and I've noticed a decline in all the fish that we see. But with this marine sanctuary coming—if it is created—our dive sites will be the best in the world. Yimnang Golbuu, Ph.D., CEO, Palau International Coral Reef Center: We can always argue that we still have a lot, but we have to take action, and we have to take action now, while there are still fish in the water. If you wait until there're no fish, nothing we can do will matter anyway. Tommy Remengesau, Jr.: I remember my father whacking me across the head with a bamboo pole, because I had caught too much fish. His message to me that day was that, Son, we never should take more than what we need. Think about tomorrow. Don't think just about today. That's an ocean lesson that I hope everyone will take to heart these days, because we really need to do something serious about the ocean. Life cannot go at the same pace or at the same rate of harvesting the ocean's resources without doing something to regenerate, to repopulate, to rebalance what nature has to offer us. So the next best thing for us to do is to ensure that at least our children, when they grow up, they'll get a taste of what it is to be an island fisherman, to be content on the ocean.
Views: 6484 Pew
Evidence-Based Policymaking Made Easy by 'Results First' Tool
 
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State and county governments are charged with some of the most important work in our society—from education to health care to criminal justice and more. But how can decision-makers identify and invest in policies and programs that are proven to work? In this animated video, learn about the Results First Initiative, which, since 2011, has partnered with states and counties across the country to help them incorporate the use of evidence in their budgeting and policymaking processes—helping to improve outcomes and make the most of limited resources. The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative is a project of The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. To learn more about the Results First approach to evidence-based policymaking, visit: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/pew-macarthur-results-first-initiative *Transcript* State and local governments are charged with some of the most important work in our society. The programs they provide to their residents touch every aspect of life from education to healthcare to criminal justice, and more. And it’s essential that these programs achieve the best possible outcomes and get the most out of every tax dollar. But too often policymakers lack the necessary information about which programs work, which don’t, and which provide the best bang for your buck – and are left to make crucial decisions with little to no data. The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative works with state and local governments to identify and invest in programs and policies proven to work. Results First helps government leaders access and assemble critical information about what works, beginning by developing a program inventory: a comprehensive list of all programs they provide in a given policy area. The program inventory pulls information like program name, descriptions, descriptions, participants, and budgets into one centralized place. Once government leaders know what programs they’re funding, the next step is to understand how effective those programs are. There’s a lot of information about program effectiveness out there, but it’s not easy to find. So Results First created a clearinghouse database – a collection of research from various national clearinghouses which display programs according to their level of effectiveness. Policymakers can search this wealth of information to assess the programs they’re providing and see if they are proven to work. They can also use it to explore other effective programs they could offer. Knowing what is currently being done, how effective it is, and what it costs is essential to deciding how to allocate limited resources. For some of the programs identified in the inventory, Results First can help partners use our model to assess the benefits and costs they can expect their programs to have. The model calculates the projected impact of a program, taking into account the specifics of their state or locality, including population characteristics, costs, and other variables. Finally, Results First enables governments to use all of this data and evidence to make more informed policy and budget decisions, reducing funding programs with little evidence of impact, and shifting funding to alternatives that can achieve better outcomes. By bringing evidence into the decision-making process, Results First helps policymakers improve outcomes for their residents and make the most of limited resources. To learn more about the Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative, go to Pew Trusts dot org slash Results First.
Views: 5456 Pew
Tour Canada's Boreal Forest | Pew
 
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Spanning 1.2 billion acres, Canada's boreal forest is the largest intact forest ecosystem on the planet. This unique environment is home to hundreds of species of migratory fish and birds, and contains carbon-rich soil and permafrost critical to the fight against global warming. Find out more at http://www.pewenvironment.org/campaigns/international-boreal-campaign/id/8589935770.
Views: 22038 Pew
A Superbug Survivor Shares His Struggle with Antibiotic Resistance
 
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Two million Americans get antibiotic-resistant infections every year. Chris Linaman was one of them. "I was part of the good outcome. There are far too many that are on the opposite end and lose their battle, their fight with their antibiotic-resistant infection," says Chris, whose life-threating infection stemmed from a basketball injury. In this video, hear from Chris and his wife, Kimi, about their heartbreaking experience—and how Chris is working to help ensure others don't go through the same trauma he did. Hear more stories from people affected by antibiotic resistance: pewtrusts.org/superbug-stories
Views: 3320 Pew
Protect Sharks and Manta Rays at CITES | Pew
 
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http://www.pewenvironment.org/CITES. Sharks and manta rays are critical to the health of the ocean, but their populations are in decline due to international trade. In March, countries will have a chance to protect vulnerable shark and manta ray species at the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Delegates should vote to regulate the international trade in porbeagle, oceanic whitetip and hammerhead sharks (scalloped, great, and smooth) and manta rays by adding them to Appendix II of CITES. CITES is widely recognized as one of the most effective and best-enforced international conservation agreements.
Views: 7518 Pew
Sharks are Important for Healthy Coral Reefs | Pew
 
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Where sharks thrive, so do coral reefs. Studies in the Pacific Ocean have found that healthy coral reef systems, with abundant sea life, are dominated by sharks. Meanwhile, in areas where sharks have declined, reefs have been negatively impacted. In the Caribbean Sea, scientists have found that declining populations of sharks may also cause a drop in parrot fish populations. Herbivorous species like parrot fish are important to the health of coral reefs because they eat algae. Overgrowth of algae harms diversity in coral reef systems. As a result, sharks need protection to maintain a diverse marine environment and healthy coral reefs. Learn more at http://www.pewenvironment.org/sharks
Views: 7776 Pew
Marshall Islands: The World's Largest Shark Sanctuary
 
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The Marshall Islands has been home to the world's largest shark sanctuary for a year. It's an area of the central Pacific Ocean spanning 1,990,530 square kilometers (768,547 square miles)—nearly four times the landmass of California—in which commercial fishing of all sharks is prohibited. And not only is it the biggest, but a year later, its shark protections are still the strongest. This video highlights the importance of the Marshall Islands shark sanctuary and how the government and law enforcement officials have been working to enforce its new laws. For more information, visit: http://www.pewenvironment.org/sharks
Views: 18600 Pew
Canada's Boreal Forest Gaining Ground | Pew
 
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The International Boreal Conservation Campaign, an initiative of The Pew Charitable Trusts, supports conservation of old-growth forests and wilderness. The campaign works closely with Canadian and international environmental organizations, corporations and aboriginal First Nations to find common ground around the Canadian Boreal Forest Conservation Framework, a visionary plan to protect and sustain this globally important ecosystem over time.
Views: 12303 Pew
CCAMLR 101: How to Protect Antarctica's Marine Life
 
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What is CCAMLR, and how can it protect the penguins, seals, whales, and other animals that live in Antarctica? Our whiteboard animation explains. At the height of the Cold War, countries came together to protect Antarctica as a place of peace and science. Unfortunately, the surrounding waters of the Southern Ocean were not protected. With no protections in place, fishing for tiny krill—the keystone of the Antarctic food web—increased dramatically. In response, the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) was created in 1980. Its mandate was simple: to conserve Antarctic marine life. Despite that mission, promises to create marine reserves and protected areas in Southern Ocean waters have gone unfulfilled, even as climate change and industrial fishing increasingly threaten vulnerable areas such as the Ross Sea. But it isn’t too late to make good. CCAMLR must act now to create marine reserves and show the world that it is serious about protecting the most pristine and special place on the planet. Learn more at www.pewtrusts.org/ccamlr ------------------------------------------------------------------------ TRANSCRIPT Antarctica—the seventh and southernmost continent in the world—is the coldest, driest, and windiest place on earth. It and the surrounding waters of the Southern Ocean are home to more than 9,000 species that aren’t found anywhere else on earth, including leopard seals, orcas, 7 species of penguins…and polar bears… No, not polar bears! That’s the North Pole! Penguins and polar bears have never crossed paths. Antarctica has been called the world’s last frontier. It is a pristine corner of the planet that leaders have long seen value in preserving. In fact, at the height of the Cold War, the world’s leading nations signed the Antarctic Treaty, agreeing to protect the continent of Antarctica as a place of “peace and science.” Penguins and other species were saved! Well, their habitat on land was saved. But what about the waters where they hunted for food? Unfortunately, the entire Southern Ocean was left open to commercial fishing and other exploitation. This spawned a fishing frenzy for Antarctic krill, a tiny shrimp-like crustacean that is processed into animal feed and omega-3 supplements. They may not look like much, but krill form the base of the entire Southern Ocean food web. Without them, penguins and other predators are put at risk. Marine scientists, already worried about the devastating impacts of climate change on Antarctica, raised the alarm when they saw that the krill race was quickly expanding. World leaders responded in 1980 by creating the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, or CCAMLR. CCAMLR’s mandate is to conserve Antarctic marine life. Conserve: to keep something safe from being damaged or destroyed; to use something carefully in order to prevent loss or waste.. But while CCAMLR was responding to interest in krill, another fishing frenzy began—this time, for toothfish, a top predator in the Southern Ocean. Diners called it Chilean sea bass and fishermen called it “white gold” because the catch is highly valuable. Unfortunately, illegal fishing quickly wreaked havoc on populations of this important predator. As demand for krill and toothfish increased, it became clear a new approach was needed. And in 2009, CCAMLR had a bright idea. It designated the first marine protected area in the South Orkney Islands, keeping those waters free from industrial fishing. It was a good start, but they knew they needed to do more. So in 2011, CCAMLR committed to establishing a network of large marine protected areas around the Southern Ocean. It was a big promise that is backed by the best available science. Experts say that we should be designating almost a third of our oceans as highly protected in order to support sustainable, healthy oceans that are resilient to climate change. It’s been four years since CCAMLR’s promise and we are still waiting for this large network of marine protected areas around the Southern Ocean. Today, climate change and industrial fishing continue to threaten vulnerable areas like the Ross Sea, while less than 2% of the world’s oceans are highly protected! At a time when 85 percent of the world’s fisheries are in decline, we know we can do a lot better than that. But is not too late for CCAMLR to make good on their promise and return to their primary mission. Remember what the second “C” stands for? CCAMLR was created to conserve – conserve the Southern Ocean, its krill, penguins, toothfish and other marine life. But CCAMLR must act now to create marine reserves and show the world they mean business about protecting the most pristine and special place on the planet.
Views: 5268 Pew
Mobile Payments: The Good, the Bad, and the Confusing
 
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Ever use your smartphone to pay for parking or split the dinner bill with a friend? More people are using their phones as a mobile wallet and most mobile transactions work just fine. But with technology constantly evolving the rules that should protect consumers simply haven’t caught up. In this animated video, follow along as Miles and his friend Pearl spend the day together, banking and buying music and coffee, all with their phones. Are the risks of using mobile payments holding people back and what can be done about them? For more facts on mobile payments visit: http://www.pewtrusts.com/mobilepayments. SCRIPT: Smart phones can be used for all kinds of things these days. Ok, we get it and increasingly more people are using their phones as a mobile wallet. You can pay for parking, donate to a worthy cause or split a bill with a friend. Most mobile transactions work just fine, but with technology constantly evolving, the rules that should protect you simply haven’t caught up. And government oversight isn’t clear. Meet Miles. Miles is busy and likes to pay for things with his phone. Yesterday, using his bank’s mobile app, he deposited a birthday check from his grandma. Happy Birthday, Miles! Normally when Miles deposits a check at his bank, the funds are available the next business day. But since his mobile deposit isn’t regulated the same way, Miles’s money may not be available for several days. Today, Miles is hanging out with his friend, Pearl. Pearl stops to fill up her car with gas. Miles offers to pitch in using a mobile app. He thinks his birthday money has already cleared. Miles doesn’t know it yet, but his bank won’t post Grandma’s check for a few more days, so he actually only has $10. That gas just cost an extra $35 in overdraft fees. Yikes! Miles, did you give the bank permission to overdraw your account for a fee? Like a lot of people, Miles doesn’t remember. And banks may not have to ask permission to overdraw your account for mobile transfers – like they’re required to with debit card and ATM transactions. Next, Miles and Pearl stop at their favorite coffee shop. Miles, are you concerned about data privacy? Miles likes the convenience of mobile payments and hasn’t thought much about it. But if he did run into problems, it’s not clear who’s in charge of protecting his data. Last stop -- the record store. Pearl tries to pay with her mobile wallet. But, the money is gone! Unfortunately, money stored directly on mobile wallets may not have the same protections as checking accounts. Financial institutions provide fraud protection and deposit insurance while others aren’t required to by law. Pearl, did you read your mobile wallet agreement? One tap of a finger may bind a consumer to a contract even if it is hard to read or unclear. With the right rules, Miles and Pearl’s money would be protected. Policymakers should update rules and laws to make mobile payments simple, safe, and secure for everyone. For more information, click here.
Views: 32842 Pew
Electronic Health Records: Usability and Unintended Safety Issues
 
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Across the country, virtually all doctor’s offices and hospitals use electronic health records, or EHRs, to capture patient information. But EHR usability – their layout, design, customizations, and how they fit into different workflows—can impact patient safety. In this video, you'll see one example of a health IT-facilitated error – how a computer auto-refresh results in a doctor pulling up the wrong record without even realizing it, and how it impacts the care a patient receives. This is a fixable problem, but we need more research on how, when, and why these errors occur. Learn more about how we can make health IT safer: http://www.pewtrusts.org/HealthIT *Full Transcript* Remember when going to the doctor’s office looked like this? Now it looks more like this. Across the country, more and more doctor’s offices are using electronic health records, or EHRs. As digital records have become more common, unanticipated problems with design, workflow, training and how clinicians use them have contributed to patient harm. To learn more, we talked to Medstar Health’s Dr. Raj Ratwani, a leading researcher on EHR usability and safety. EHRs should make it easier and safer for clinicians to provide care for patients. The sub-optimal usability of EHRs can lead to mistakes like selecting the wrong patient, ordering the wrong drug, or missing critical lab results. Medstar Health’s Dr. Terry Fairbanks, who studies human factors in health care, explained how a computer auto-refresh error can cause a problem without the doctor realizing it. Let’s take two patients. Martha Jones and Daniel Rodriguez, who come into the emergency department on the same day and have similar issues so they both need a chest x-ray. When the doctor goes to see Martha Jones, they pull up the patient’s electronic health record to look at the X-ray. And the doctor actually pulls up Daniel Rodriguez’s X-ray thinking that that it is Martha’s. And this x-ray appears normal, so the doctor sends Martha home. This all happened in a fraction of the second, so let’s slow it down and see what actually happened. In between the first and second click, the database updates, and auto-refreshes. So by the time the doctor finishes the second click, the X-ray icon his cursor was on now, belongs to Daniel Rodriguez. Daniel’s x-ray looks fine. On the other hand, this is Martha Jones's actual X-ray. You can see there's a large, white area here, which represents a pneumonia, which needs antibiotics. Without antibiotics, Martha could get much worse very quickly. This is one example of a Health-IT facilitated error and there are many others. This is a fixable problem, but currently there’s not enough research on how and why these errors occur. All patients deserve the best care possible. We need better data now on how, when and why these challenges arise so that we can all do a better job protecting our patients.
Views: 3886 Pew
Million-Dollar Reef Sharks | Pew
 
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A new study by the Australian Institute of Marine Science concludes that sharks are worth far more alive and swimming. In Palau, the Pacific Island nation that declared its waters a sanctuary free of shark fishing, sharks provide a lynchpin for the tourism industry.
Views: 16563 Pew
Cod: The Fish that Made New England | Pew
 
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Nothing tells a story like the eyewitnesses who were there. Old-timers in New England's commercial cod fishery don't want us to forget how we arrived where we are today. These "old salts" remember vastly different conditions in the fishing industry just a few decades ago. In the words of one of them, "it was the most fantastic fishery I ever saw." Since then, overfishing—catching fish faster than they can reproduce—continues to deplete 10 of our dinner-time favorites, including Atlantic cod. For more information please visit www.NewEnglandFishing.org
Views: 168205 Pew
Protecting Alaska's Arctic Marine Mammals | Pew
 
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Offshore from Alaska's North Slope, Arctic sea ice is a crucial part of the habitat for marine wildlife including polar bears, walruses and seals. But in a region where climate change is occurring at twice the rate of the rest of the planet, that wildlife is in jeopardy. Melting ice shrinks the hunting and resting grounds of marine mammals and encourages industrial development in the form of offshore oil drilling. It also threatens the subsistence lifestyle of Alaska's indigenous people. To learn more, visit http://www.pewenvironment.org/arctic
Views: 3726 Pew
Home Visiting -- A Closer Look | Pew
 
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For new parents raising a child in poverty, alone or as a teenager, extra support from voluntary, high-quality home visiting services can lead to improved family health and self-sufficiency and substantial savings for taxpayers. The Pew Home Visiting Campaign promotes smart state and federal policies and investments in high-quality home visitation. Learn more about your state's home visiting program at www.pewcenteronthestates/homevisiting.
Views: 13920 Pew
Reducing Recidivism | Pew
 
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States spend $50 billion a year on corrections, yet more than four out of ten prisoners wind up back behind bars within three years of release. States can break this cycle of recidivism, and save money, by implementing evidence-based programs and policies including risk assessment, fiscal incentives and swift and certain sanctions. To learn more, visit http://www.pewcenteronthestates.org/publicsafety
Views: 18494 Pew
This Treatment Can Help Curb the Opioid Epidemic
 
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Opioid use disorder is a complex brain disease, but it’s often viewed as a moral failing, which can keep people from accessing treatment. The most effective therapy is medication-assisted treatment (MAT), which combines FDA-approved medications with behavioral therapy. Here’s how MAT can help people manage their disease—a critical step toward recovery and reducing the risk of overdose. Learn more about our work on substance use prevention and treatment here: www.pewtrusts.org/substancemisuse Transcript: Millions of people in the United States are struggling with a dependence on opioids. And this problem continues to grow. Opioid use disorder is often viewed as a moral failing. In reality, it’s actually a chronic disease like diabetes or asthma. And like other chronic diseases, opioid use disorders can be treated. The most effective therapy is medication-assisted treatment, or M.A.T., which combines drugs with behavioral therapy. So how does M.A.T. work? Opioids alter the chemistry of the brain by attaching to opioid receptors. When these drugs attach to their receptors, they reduce the perception of pain. That’s Dr. Peggy Compton who’s done research on opioid use for NIH. And a person with opioid use disorder is physically dependent on these drugs and needs higher and higher doses overtime, which can lead to overdose or even death. Fortunately, there are FDA-approved drugs can help. They curb cravings and block the effects of opioids. People are then better able to manage their disease which can help prevent relapse. According to the U.S. Surgeon General, medication-assisted treatments have been shown to facilitate recovery from substance use disorders and prevent relapse. M.A.T. is crucial to long-term recovery and helps people live healthier, more productive lives.
Views: 7081 Pew
Payday Loans — And How to Fix Them
 
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Payday loans suffer from three main problems, according to extensive research—unaffordable payments, failure to work as advertised, and excessively high prices. But the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and state policymakers have an opportunity to fix these problems and make small loans safer and more affordable. Learn how new rules could give payday loan borrowers an affordable and predictable path out of debt. For more on problems with payday loans—and how policymakers can help solve them, visit: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/reports/2013/10/29/payday-lending-in-america-policy-solutions *TRANSCRIPT* This is Jennifer. She took out a $375 payday loan to cover some bills, but it ended up ruining her budget. And she’s not the only one. 12 million Americans use payday loans every year. It’s not hard to see why people, like Jennifer, are drawn to payday loans. They look like two-week loans -- for a fixed fee of $55. But they’re not. Unlike other types of loans, payday loans have to be paid back all at once, which is hard to do if you’re struggling to make ends meet. Instead Jennifer pays a fee to buy more time. The reality is that instead of two weeks, typical borrowers carry loans for half the year, and spend more in fees than the amount they borrowed. Eight in ten borrowers want payday loan reform, and policymakers can put it in place. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau -- the new referee for payday lenders – can fix this problem. A strong ability-to-repay rule from the CFPB should allow borrowers to make smaller payments over more time. Today, these loans take up 1/3 of the average borrower’s paycheck -- and that’s just too much. Research shows most borrowers can afford to spend no more than 5% of their paycheck on their loan payments. In Jennifer’s case, she can still get her $375 loan. And by limiting payments to 5% of her income, she would pay only $60 out of each paycheck—instead of having to repay $430 dollars all at once. This will mean that loans have smaller, more manageable payments that fit into borrowers’ budgets, making for a more affordable, and predictable path out of debt. It’s also important for states to rein in excessive interest rates. These changes, plus a few commonsense safeguards, have already been tried with success. In Colorado, lawmakers cut prices by 2/3 and gave borrowers more time to pay their loans in smaller installments. Now the loans work as advertised. Borrowers missed fewer payments and saved more than $40 million a year. While some payday stores in Colorado closed, those that remain serve more customers. Loans are still widely available and accessible, but work better. The point is – there’s a solution. A better small loan market is possible, with lower prices and more time to repay in affordable installments. Policymakers at all levels need to act now – to help borrowers like Jennifer get back on solid financial ground. To learn more, go to http://www.pewtrusts.org/small-loans.
Views: 16683 Pew
Saving Bluefin Tuna
 
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Pacific bluefin tuna are in trouble. After decades of overfishing, the population hovers at less than 3 percent of its original size, and the unsustainably high catch of juveniles—the smallest fish—threatens the species' continued existence. These bluefin are important to the ocean ecosystem, and they support fishing industries on both sides of the Pacific Ocean. It’s time to put bluefin tuna on the road to recovery. Since managers have failed to end overfishing, we’re calling for a two year moratorium on commercial fishing for this species. Once overfishing has ended, science-based catch limits are in place, and an ocean-wide rebuilding plan has begun, we can end the moratorium. This will help secure a future for Pacific bluefin. For more information please visit www.pewtrusts.org/tuna --------- *TRANSCRIPT* Saving Pacific Bluefin Tuna A Call to Protect its Future The Pacific bluefin tuna population is just 2.6% of its unfished size and fishing continues without effective catch limits. More than 90% are caught as juveniles, the youngest fish. These fish never get a chance to reproduce. Relatively few adult Pacific bluefin remain and new studies suggests those that can reproduce won’t for much longer. A science-based, ocean-wide recovery plan will save the population. Pacific bluefin can migrate from Japan to Mexico and back. That’s why management must be improved throughout the Pacific by protecting bluefin where they are born and breed and where they travel to feed. Since managers have failed to stop overfishing, a twoyear commercial fishing moratorium offers the best chance to change course. Moratorium lifted when: -overfishing is ended - science-based catch limits are in place - ocean-wide rebuilding plan begins Nations must act now to secure a future for Pacific bluefin.
Views: 3523 Pew
Clean Energy Innovation: Deriving Biofuel from Pine Trees | Pew
 
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The next wave of advanced biofuels could come from a surprising source — Loblolly and other species of pine trees that blanket the American South. Tapping pine trees for resin, or terpene, and maple syrup is a 400-year-old practice. But researchers at the University of Florida believe they can use a geneticmodification to increase production of terpene five-fold and convert that into an advanced biofuel. This renewable energy innovation is made possible in part through a $6.2 milliongrant from ARPA-E. Learn more about clean energy benefits for the economy, national security and the environment at http://www.pewtrusts.org/cleanenergy
Views: 2821 Pew
Three States Lead the Way for Juvenile Justice Reforms | Pew
 
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State leaders from Georgia, Hawaii, and Kentucky enacted reforms that will change the lives of young people. http://www.pewtrusts.org/publicsafety. Listen to state leaders discuss the shifting landscape of juvenile justice and how they enacted data-driven and fiscally sound policies that protect public safety, improve outcomes for youths, and contain correctional costs. Learn more at http://www.pewtrusts.org/publicsafety.
Views: 4242 Pew
Southern Ocean Sanctuaries: Protecting the World’s Final Ocean Frontier
 
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The Southern Ocean—the waters surrounding Antarctica—is the one of the last untouched wilderness areas on the planet. But a warming climate and increased fishing pressures put this vast area and its iconic species such as penguins, whales, and seals at risk. The solution: fulfilling the promise by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) to create a network of marine protected areas that will safeguard the world’s final ocean frontier—before it’s too late. For more information about the Southern Ocean encircling Antarctica and conservation efforts to establish an MPA network to protect it, visit http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/collections/2017/10/more-antarctic-marine-protections-needed-at-ccamlr *TRANSCRIPT* Encircling the icy continent of Antarctica is the most pristine of all marine habitats—the great Southern Ocean. Looking down on this ocean, the sheer beauty and power of the natural world is overwhelming. This is our last ocean frontier. Over 9,000 species that can’t be found anywhere else in the world call this place home. Even species that don’t live here depend on it. Strong Antarctic currents carry deep sea nutrients to faraway oceans—sustaining three quarters of the world’s marine life. As remote as it is, the Southern Ocean is under increasing pressure. It’s one of the fastest warming places on the earth. And there is a growing interest in commercial fishing in this area. The strain is becoming visible. We have the power to protect this ocean. It can be done and in fact, it’s already begun. In 2016, 24 countries and the European Union made history by creating the largest marine protected area on the planet in the Ross Sea. These countries are members of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, or CCAMLR. Their visionary decision to protect the Ross Sea was praised around the globe. But CCAMLR also made an even more important promise, one that will have a bigger impact. They agreed to establish a network of large-scale marine protected areas throughout the Southern Ocean, including in the Weddell Sea, East Antarctica, and the Antarctica Peninsula. These protected areas would connect ecosystems, supporting marine animals that migrate between them as they forage and breed. And the benefits of these reserves will spread well beyond their boundaries. Our planet is changing, and never has this region been more fragile or important than it is today. Protecting the Ross Sea was only the beginning. It’s time for CCAMLR to deliver on its word by working steadily toward a network of marine reserves that will safeguard the world’s final ocean frontier before it’s too late.
Views: 2145 Pew
What is a Dental Therapist?
 
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For more than 125 million Americans, basic dental care is out of reach. But there’s a solution that can help: dental therapy. A dental therapist is similar to a nurse practitioner and works under the supervision of the dentist. They can travel all over the state to help people who may have trouble accessing dental care, such as children or seniors. “I see rampant tooth decay every day, but I also know that I’m reaching those who are most in need,” says Christy Jo Fogarty, a dental therapist practicing in Minnesota. In this video, see how Christy Jo is making a difference when it comes to dental health and why more U.S. states are authorizing dental therapists. Learn more about dental therapy: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/dental-campaign *Full transcript* Our enthusiasm for going to the dentist has always been lukewarm at best. But for more than 125 million Americans, basic dental care is out of reach. Either because their dentist office is too far from where they live, doesn’t accept their insurance, or isn’t open at the right time. Or because they just can’t afford it. Left untreated, dental problems can cause serious health issues, like heart disease and respiratory infections. It’s a problem that costs all of us. In 2014, $1.9 billion of taxpayer money was wasted on preventable ER visits, even though hospitals can do little to treat dental problems. So how do we solve this problem? To find out, we called up a dental therapist. "My name is Christy Jo Fogatry. I’m a dental therapist with Children’s Dental Services in Minneapolis. A dental therapist is much like a nurse practitioner or physician’s assistant. We work under the supervision of a dentist. We can do just about any kind of fillings, stainless steel crowns. We see children, we see pregnant women, we see veterans, we see seniors, any people who have trouble accessing dental care. I travel, really, all over the state. Unfortunately, I do see rampant tooth every day, but I also know that I’m reaching those most in need." With more than 63 million people in the U.S. living in areas with dentist shortages, dental therapists like Christy Jo are making a big difference. "In my job every day I am fortunate that I’m able to treat those most in need, those children who are most likely to fall through the cracks of the dental system that we currently have and, quite often, I’m paid in lots and lots of hugs." More people in Minnesota are getting the care they need. One private practice increased its Medicaid patient load 16 times over since bringing dental therapists on board. And in Alaska where dental therapists also practice, 40,000 people have care that didn’t before. More and more states are authorizing or considering dental therapists because they can expand care to people who need it the most. It's time to put dental care in reach for more Americans.
Views: 5799 Pew
What Are the High Seas? Why Do They Need Help? | A Whiteboard Explainer
 
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Get the facts about the high seas—the two-thirds of our world’s oceans that are not under any country's jurisdiction. This quick whiteboard tutorial explains why these international waters are so important and how the United Nations can help protect high seas marine life and ocean resources. *TRANSCRIPT* Beyond the waters under the jurisdiction of coastal countries lies a vast region that few will ever see first-hand, but on which everyone on Earth depends. It’s known as the high seas and covers nearly half of the planet. These waters and the deep seabed that lie beneath them, were once thought to be empty— but they are actually full of life. Sea turtles, whales, sharks, and migratory fish spend much of their lives in these waters. They are also home to hydrothermal vents, unique seamounts and geomorphic structures, deep sea corals, uniquely adapted fish species, and tiny organisms—many of which have yet to be discovered. The high seas are vital to the global ocean ecosystem; providing much needed protein to a growing population. Nearly 10 million tons of fish are caught each year on the high seas—generating more than $16 billion once landed. And the fishing and shipping industries rely on the high seas to provide economic security and jobs. But the high seas are under threat. As shipping and fishing industries continue to grow and new activities such as rocket launches, power generation, aquaculture, and seabed mining emerge, the demands on the high seas are an increasing burden. While shipping, mining, and fishing are regulated by international organizations, there is still no management for many new activities, or coordinated governance of existing high seas industries. In June 2015, the United Nations agreed to begin negotiations over a new international treaty to protect high seas biodiversity. This treaty is the first of its kind and for how our valuable ocean resources are managed. The new treaty could allow countries to protect important and vulnerable parts of the high seas by creating marine protected areas and reserves. And it could require environmental impact assessments for commercial operations to determine when, where, and whether various activities should be allowed. Achieving a strong treaty will need the efforts of government leaders and officials from around the world—and broad support from those who make their living from the ocean, feed their families from it, or just love it. Now is the time to secure a robust new international agreement that ensures the health of the high seas for generations to come. For more information, visit www.pewtrusts.org/highseas.
Views: 6509 Pew
Sharks Play Critical Role in Ocean Food Web  | Pew
 
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As apex predators, tiger sharks and other shark species play a critical role in maintaining the health of ocean ecosystems. But shark populations are decreasing around the world, due to overfishing and the high demand for shark fin soup. When their numbers plummet, it can have a chain reaction on ocean food webs, impacting seabirds and commercially important fish species, such as tuna and jacks. This is only one example of how removing sharks from the marine environment may have other negative effects that spread through the food web. Learn more at http://www.pewenvironment.org/sharks
Views: 22941 Pew
Rio+20: es hora de dar un cambio de dirección por nuestro océano | Pew & ZSL
 
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Nuestro océano es de crucial importancia. Sus aguas, que constituyen el 70% del planeta, sustentan una gran variedad de vida marina, comunidades y puestos de trabajo. A pesar de esto, lo tratamos con muy poco respeto. Aunque ha demostrado ser resistente, el océano no pude seguir dándonos tanto. En junio, el día del 20 aniversario de la primera Cumbre de la Tierra de Río de Janeiro, líderes de todo el mundo volverán a la ciudad brasileña con motivo de la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el desarrollo sostenible (Río+20) para renovar el deseo político de promover el desarrollo sostenible. El programa de esta reunión Río+20 es amplio y ambicioso, pero ahora es el momento de dar valor al océano. Ha estado fuera de la lista de prioridades durante demasiado tiempo, y eso se nota. Los líderes pueden corregir esta tendencia para garantizar que nuestro océano pueda albergar vida marina y humana durante las próximas décadas.
Views: 6251 Pew
The Lure of Flotsam | Rick Rosenthal & Pew
 
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When Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) are used for industrial tuna fishing; juvenile tuna as well as many other species of ocean wildlife are unnecessarily hauled in. In this video, multi-award winning underwater cinematographer, Rick Rosenthal, talks about the ways this practice can be detrimental to our ocean and marine life, and calls for more management and regulation on the use of FADs. To learn more, go to http://www.pewenvironment.org/FAD.
Views: 17991 Pew
Birch Syrup Provides Sweet, Sustainable Business in the Boreal Forest
 
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“If the trees are gone, then our livelihood is gone,” says Al McLauchlan, co-owner, along with his wife, of Rocky Lake Birchworks, an eco-friendly, family-owned and operated business that specializes in natural products harvested from the boreal forest. The boreal region of Canada stretches across more than a billion acres, and is one of the largest intact forest ecosystems on Earth. Pew’s International Boreal Conservation Campaign encourages a balance between development and conservation and works with the people who live there to achieve that goal. People of the Boreal is a multimedia project that tells the stories of those who have the most to gain or lose from decisions about how the region is managed. Learn more about Alan McLauchlan and his family business, and view the entire People of the Boreal series here: http://pew.org/1szM3eC *TRANSCRIPT* [Alan McLauchlan speaking] When we're in production there's very few people on the lake. So we're by ourselves. We get to enjoy the fresh air, the fresh water. We do our own cooking, we’ll bring food out or we’ll go out and we’ll catch fish. Just the fact of being back to nature and being in an area that’s very pristine. It's almost back to olden days where you're a pioneer on the land and you’re living off—which we are, we’re living off the land. I'm Alan McLauchlan. I live just north of The Pas, Manitoba, and our family produces birch syrup. I like to describe it as a molassesy taste. Other people have said a spice taste to it. It is a bit of a rare business. We have about 10 producers across Canada. It's a family business. My wife and I get to spend a month out in the bush. Our son comes out and helps us whenever he can. It's not without its challenges. I mean you're in the bush for a month without any cell service. No one knows what's going on over here. If you get injured then you fend for yourself. If you have a breakdown of some equipment you have to kind of figure out how to fix that yourself. Our busy season starts usually about spring break every year. We start to prep the site by going out and clearing the trees off the lines, putting lines back together that have been chewed by bears and squirrels and other critters. The tapping of the trees doesn't start until about the middle of April, the latter part of April, when we'll actually tap the trees, and the production usually starts at the first of May. So now we have 1,500 trees that are tapped up to the tubing, which protects the sap from the elements. So now you have a sap that comes out of the tree and it goes along a tube and it comes into the vacuum system and then over to our evaporator. It's filtered a number of times and it's not touched by human hands until the person opens the bottle and pours it on their pancakes or in their yogurt. Our company is definitely very sustainable and we have a great respect for the environment that provides us with our livelihood and we're very protective of the trees. When we take the sap we're only taking one percent of the sap out of the tree and we're not hurting the tree that way. Usually a birch tree will last 40 years, but some of these trees are over 100 years old and they're still producing the same as they did seven years ago when we started this business. We're always interested in seeing what the boreal can produce for us and we all know that there's a number of medicinals and foodstuffs that can be produced from the forest without harming the forest. So chaga is a mushroom that grows on the birch tree and we harvest that. We dry it and then we grind it up and make teas out of it. And we also mix it with different other products, for instance wild mint. We'll take the wild mint from the shores and dry it and then mix that with the chaga. As a family, we're very proud of what the boreal has given us. We've introduced a new product to Canada and we're very proud that the forest has given us the opportunity to do that. And it's through hard work and experimentation that we can do that. I mean we can come out here as a family, we can produce as a family, we can spend time together as a family. I think it's probably one of the most important times for us to be out here and just rejuvenate our whole souls, rejuvenate our whole body. We only eat when we're hungry. We sleep when we're tired. We get up with the sun. We go to bed with the sun. And when we get out of here it's just - ahhh - we can't wait till we get back here again. There has to be that interaction between people and the environment. There has to be a way for us to coexist. Are you going to get rich by doing something like this? Probably not, but at least you're going to get that opportunity to have the enjoyment that we do. You can come out, you can spend time in the bush. You can see animals, and you can produce a product that people like. Without the land we have nothing. So we need to protect those trees.
Views: 1923 Pew
The case for a fully protected South Sandwich Islands marine reserve
 
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South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) are home to up to a quarter of the world’s penguins and some of the most diverse life on the planet. The SGSSI Government is reviewing the marine protections given to this area throughout 2018. Currently, only 2 percent of the SGSSI marine environment is fully protected from fishing, but the hope is the United Kingdom will upgrade the South Sandwich Islands to a fully protected marine reserve. The Pew Bertarelli Ocean Legacy Project, working as part of the Great British Oceans Coalition, is calling for the full protection of over 500,000 square kilometers of ocean around the South Sandwich Islands. This area would be twice the size of the United Kingdom itself, and aid in the protection of nesting penguins and hydrothermal vents alike. Learn more about the South Sandwich Islands and why they’re worth protecting: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/global-ocean-legacy-south-georgia-and-the-south-sandwich-islands/about Transcript Narration by Lewis Pugh In a remote corner of the world, isolated hundreds of miles to the east of South America and the Antarctic Peninsula, sits a little known chain of islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. These jagged peaks jutting out of the Southern Ocean are home to nearly a quarter of all penguins -- and some of the most diverse life on the planet. The South Sandwich Islands’ stormy seas have long shielded them from humans. But for the chinstrap penguins who live here, these pristine waters offer an abundant supply of food. With full bellies, they must make the perilous journey from sea to land. It’s no easy feat catching the right wave. They are headed to Zavadovski, an island with an active volcano. The volcano’s heat melts the snow -- making it the perfect place to raise a family. That’s why the largest chinstrap penguin colony on the planet is found here. It’s a penguin paradise. But the wildlife of South Georgia has a different history. A century ago, whaling and seal hunting in South Georgia nearly wiped out many species. As numbers declined, profits fell and the industry moved on. Left alone, these animals slowly began to recover. Today, the entire region is facing new threats. Climate change is altering the ecosystem from fast warming waters and melting glaciers to acidification. And only 2% of the marine environment is fully protected from fishing. But, the United Kingdom can help. A review of the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands’ marine protected area is underway. By upgrading the South Sandwich Islands to a fully protected marine reserve, we can safeguard an area more than twice the size of the U.K. from exploitation, preserving the entire marine ecosystem, from the nesting penguins to the deep-sea vents. Then, we can focus on enhancing protections around South Georgia. Safeguarding these tiny, but important, islands would have a big impact for their unique inhabitants. We need to fully protect them or risk losing this special place forever
Views: 2620 Pew
Song of the Sea — Marshall Islands Shark Sanctuary | Pew
 
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A year ago, this month, the Marshall Islands created the world's largest shark sanctuary. Sharks have been a part of Marshall Islands folklore and culture for centuries, and people living among the atolls understand that these animals play an important role in ocean and island health. This video, featuring music by Niten Anni, highlights the importance of the ocean and its sharks to the culture of the Pacific, and celebrates the Marshall Islands shark sanctuary as a model for other countries considering shark protections of their own. For more information, visit: http://www.pewenvironment.org/sharks
Views: 12213 Pew
What Is Ocean Governance? | A Cartoon Crash Course on the High Seas
 
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“Ocean governance” sounds boring, but it’s actually incredibly important for anyone who enjoys seafood, marine life, and all of the riches of a healthy ocean. Two-thirds of the world’s oceans are beyond any one country’s territory. These waters are called the high seas, and because they belong to no single nation, they belong to the whole world. That means countries must come together to take care of them—and address issues such as illegal fishing, overfishing, and drilling. Cartoonist Jim Toomey—whose daily comic strip, Sherman’s Lagoon, is syndicated in more than 250 newspapers in the United States—joined forces with The Pew Charitable Trusts to illustrate “ocean governance” and other terms we associate with our oceans. Watch the full video series: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/collections/2016/01/cartoon-crash-course-a-visual-glossary-of-ocean-terminology *TRANSCRIPT* Ocean governance. Sounds like somebody taking the the mysterious, beautiful ocean and making it really…boring. But ocean governance matters: It refers to how we humans set policies to take care of the waters that gave birth to things like coral reefs, whales, tunas… and tuna casserole, for that matter…. And ultimately to our species….And ultimately to our species… keep going… a little further…you’re getting close… nope, that’s too far…back a little. Every coastal country in the world controls – and governs – the waters that extend about 200 miles from its shores. These areas are managed basically like public land, with rules on when, where and how people can fish, mine, drill for oil or nude sunbathe... Is that really regulated? No? Beyond those boundaries are the high seas, which are controlled by both everybody and nobody – leading to understandable confusion among those that live there. The high seas account for about two-thirds of the world’s oceans, so how we govern them is really important. Laws and policies are set by international treaties and bodies called regional fishery management organizations. But there are no dedicated police forces out there, so its kind of like the wild, wild west. If no one is watching, people could use the high seas for whatever they want—like illegal fishing, drilling, dumping trash or nude sunbathing. And the next thing you know, this could become….this Pewtrusts.org/oceangov
Views: 4676 Pew
Implementing New Shark Protections Worldwide
 
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Countries around the world have been working together on an unprecedented scale to prepare for new landmark shark protections that go into effect Sunday, Sept. 14. Excitement about the potential impact of the new rules has been building around the globe among those concerned about the future of these predators so vital to a healthy ocean food web. Under these new rules, international trade in sharks that are commercially exploited in large numbers will be regulated for the first time. Learn more about the efforts that countries worldwide have undertaken to prepare for the deadline through an inspiring video and Web features that tell the story of the implementation of the new protections.
Views: 8517 Pew
A Better Way to Catch Swordfish—and Reduce Bycatch, Too
 
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Bycatch refers to marine wildlife incidentally caught and injured or killed by fishing gear, from whales and dolphins to sea turtles and more. And the problem is significant in California's swordfish industry. Deep-set buoy gear provides a solution. With deep-set buoy gear, "what we've seen in the past five years is really low bycatch," says Chugey Sepulveda of the Pfleger Institute of Environmental Research. "And what we see now is this growing community of folks that are really interested in the product." With ample evidence that deep-set buoy gear can help California's swordfish industry do less harm to marine wildlife, it's now up fishery managers to authorize this gear. Learn more about how deep-set buoy gear can help catch swordfish without harming marine life: www.pewtrusts.org/swordfish *Full Transcript* Chugey Sepulveda Bycatch occurs in all fisheries. It's when the fishery interacts with the species that's a non-intended target. We know that it's going to occur. When you put gear in the water, there's a chance that you're going to interact with one of these species. The objective is to try to minimize it to the extent possible. Because swordfish fisheries are often implicated with having a lot of bycatch, at PIER, we focused a few years ago on looking at movement patterns and seeing how we can maybe address some of these issues. Scott Aalbers So we started doing some tagging work in 2006 to look at swordfish depth distribution and movement patterns throughout the Pacific. We determined that off Southern California, they inhabit a pretty specific depth during the daytime. Chugey Sepulveda 12, 13, 14 hundred feet deep during the day, a time and place in which swordfish really segregated from all the other organisms, especially species of special concern like sea turtles and marine mammals. Scott Aalbers And we used that data to develop deep set buoy gear. It fishes baited hooks down in excess of 300 meters. Chugey Sepulveda Deep set buoy gear uses very traditional techniques just simple buoys, monofilament, heavy weights and hooks. Fisherman use up to 30 hooks at one time from 10 different buoys, When the swordfish takes the bait or any other species takes the bait, we see a change in the position of these buoys. When the white buoy pops to the surface, the fishermen know something's on the line. They can either harvest their swordfish or release whatever's on the line unharmed. Scott Aalbers Our initial trial in 2011 we caught our first deep set buoy gear swordfish and we were really excited that day because we saw that our tagging data actually was accurate and that we could use this gear to target swordfish effectively. Chugey Sepulveda What we've seen in the past five years is really low bycatch. Marketable catch rates on the order of 95% to 98%. And what we see now is this growing community of folks that are really interested in the product. They're overwhelmed on the taste, the quality, and they're willing to pay that few dollars more a pound for this locally caught, sustainable product. Logan Kock What excites us about deep-set buoy gear is that it expands our sourcing base in a very environmentally responsible way. It contributes to our local communities. It provides our customers with something that's discernibly better, because it really is. And it also reduces our dependence on foreign fisheries. Chugey Sepulveda PIER did not do this on its own. It's had a lot of support and help from a lot of different groups, especially the Pew Charitable Trusts and the National Marine Fisheries Service. These two groups have played a huge role in the development of deep set buoy gear. Every day, we're getting more and more calls and we have fishermen that are excited to try these new techniques. Right now, it's up to our managers and fishing communities to help develop this initial fishery and move it forward. We're looking at a new opportunity for west coast fishers. Where we can target a swordfish resource, not catch much bycatch and we're providing great domestic product for our local communities.
Views: 4200 Pew